Conch, ancient shellfish, calabash. Is Tibetan, Mongolian, Manchu, Naxi, Dai, Jing, Han and other ethnic musical instruments lip vibration gas alarms. Tibetan said Dong, measures Dong, Dong Gell.Mongolian called frozen thinking. Dai said the sea three. Vatican says Chinese shellfish, conch, conch,
didyma, jade calabash and so on. Popular Buddhist temples and across the country, especially in Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Liaoning, Jilin and other provinces are most prevalent.
Conch history of musical instruments
Long history since ancient times as one of the Buddhist instruments. From India, Southeast Asia, along with Buddhism into China. Buddhist scriptures many records, Kumarajiva (343 years -413 years) translation of “Lotus Lotus Sutra” Volume refers to “blow Dafa Lo” to facilitate the product in: “If people make merry, hit advocate angle shellfish, flute piano harp, lute cymbals cymbals, and if so the public wandering do hold to support. ” Gunabhadra (394 -468 years) translation of “Dharma Drum Sutra” is also on the volume: “blowing Dafa calabash.” Tibetan Buddhism after the monastery that used conch. Northern and Southern Dynasties, conch folk already widespread in northern China, the Northern Wei Dynasty (386 -534 years) Yungang grottoes carved already blown snails Kuregaku image. Sui and Tang dynasties, conch for nine, ten music Xiliang, Kucha, Tianzhu, Funan, various music in Korea. “Old Tang Music” contains: “Tony, calabash too, can be a few liters capacity and blowing them with music festival, but also the southern barbarian.” Tang Zhenyuan seventeen years (AD 801 years), the South Piao (now Myanmar) The instruments offer a didyma, which were offered mostly music and Buddhism are closely related. Tang Dynasty poet Bai “Piao Music” poem: “didyma a blow Chui Ji Song, drums strike tattoo leap” of the sentence. Song Chen? “Music book”, “the Vatican Tony” article are: “Tony, calabash great also. Vatican today’s music used to and cymbals, Buddhism called triton.” Ming Wang Qi “ternary graph”: ” that is, the greater spiral, blowing as the sound of waves, as if to cover wars and whom those. “conch except for instruments used in Buddhist monasteries, but also for the ancient northern ethnic minorities military, labor and entertainment life. According to the ancient Tibetan literature, when the cylinder Chin has not yet appeared before the Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in the triton is the main wind instruments, and later, they replaced the cylinder Chin triton position. In modern times, conch in Buddhist monasteries, only intermittently when playing for chanting and Cham performances.
Modern Conch grown using natural seawater sea shells produced (Figure 135), spiral shells. Sizes, the general length of 25 cm ~ 33 cm. More choice of colors or flowers striped innocence conch better, worn spiral point for the mouthpiece and the mouthpiece made of conical or straight shape, diameter 2
cm to 3 cm, the center hole blown finer pore size is only one cm, and some screw holes at both ends, to wear with fine leather cord, usually do not play when Xiegua on the chest or armpit. Conch decoration more beautiful, more generally inlaid copper or silver pieces for decoration, made it very solemn and beautiful. Not only made of metal mouthpiece, in the middle to screw screw body also inlaid with copper or silver pieces, wing-shaped ornaments made in the tail fin is also decorated with rings, based on wire spike or colored silk for decoration. Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet silver wings conch collection of a total length of 57.7 cm, 38.2 cm long wings, wing width 23 cm, length 11 cm mouthpiece, diameter 4.2 cm, diameter 1.8 cm, called triton the most. Tibetan Sakya Sakya County has a good collection of the Yuan Dynasty conch, according to legend, Emperor Yuan Chin Chee. Beijing Chinese Art Institute of Chinese Academy of Musical Instrument Museum Music multivessel conch, snails mostly white, with brown, yellow streaks or stripes, length 30 cm, screw irregular oval, diameter 14 cm ~ 16 cm, short diameter 4 cm ~ 11 cm. Which has an extremely valuable Qing shellfish, length 35 cm, for the Qianlong period (1736 -1795 years) by the system, take the natural growth of clean white conch, inlaid with brass mouthpieces, screw-shaped body inlaid copper fin for decoration, exquisite pattern engraved side, one side engraved with “Emperor Qianlong” words. These conch has been loaded “Chinese musical instrument field guide” large pictures in. When playing the left hand grip screw, two lips close mouthpiece aspirated, pronounced as whining. Each conch may issue a basic stability of the long sound, because different size screw body, issued a pitch is also different, usually in small print between group to a group of small print. Conch tone and thread thickness and is directly related to how much, in general, fine thread, were less brighter tone, whereas sound more profound. In addition to instruments used in Buddhist monasteries as outside, in the Tibetan nunnery, the use blow shellfish offerings to the dead. Han areas are also widespread in the eastern Zhejiang Zhoushan percussion folk instrumental ensemble, the conch as the color of the instrument used. In Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian and other coastal areas, often blowing conch folk gatherings convened by the masses.